One of many other important people during the renaissance: Leonardo Da Vinci

1452 Born in or near Vinci, Italy

c.1469 Apprenticed to Verrocchio in Florence.

1472 Joins the Florentine Guild of Artists. Paints the angel on the left in Verrocchio'sBaptism of Christ. Probable date of his painting of theAnnunciation.

1478 Begins painting the Benois Madonna. Earliest drawings of war machinery.

1481Commissioned by the monks of San Donato at Scopeta to paint The Adoration of the Magi. Writes a letter of self-recommendation to Ludovico Sforza.

c.1482 Leaves Florence for Milan. Begins keeping his notebooks.

1483Commissioned to paint The Virgin of the Rocks.

1489 Earliest sheet of anatomical drawings, dated by Leonardo as 5th of April that year.

c.1490 PaintsPortrait of a Musician.

1493 Completes clay model of The Great Horse forLudovico Sforza.

1495 Begins The Last Supper.

1499 The French invade Milan. Leonardo leaves for venice and then Florence.

1502 Employed by Cesare Borgia.

c.1503Commissioned to do the fresco ofThe Battle of Anghiari. Sometime between 1503 and 1506 he paints theMona Lisa.

1506 Returns to Milan.

c.1508-10 PaintsThe Virgin and Child with St Anne

1512 Probable date of Leonardo's self-portrait.

1512-13 French expelled from Milan; moved to Rome.

1516-17 Leaves Italy for France on the death of Giuliano de' Medici. Is given the gift of the Castle at Cloux, Amboise. Receives a visit form the Cardinel of Aragon to whom he shows his last works.

1519 Leonardo dies at Cloux, France on May 2nd.

external image Mona-Lisa.jpg

Leonardo's influence on younger artists of Milan and Florence was enormous. Among these were Filippino Lippi (1457–1504) and Andrea del Sarto (1486–1531) who were able to absorb and transmit his message rather than merely copy the unimportant aspects of his style. On a more significant level, Leonardo influenced the two greatest young artists to come in contact with him. Raphael (1483–1520) came to Florence in 1504 at the age of twenty-one, and quickly revealed Leonardo's influence in his portraits and Madonnas. Also, about 1503, Michelangelo (1475–1564) changed from a sculptor of merely grand scale to one whose figures are charged with energy. This may be seen in the contrast between Michelangelo's early David and his later St. Matthew. From this time on Leonardo influenced, directly or indirectly, all painting. However, most of Leonardo's scientific observations remained unproven until the same questions were again investigated in later centuries.